These are the 7 most common symptoms of diabetes we should know

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If you were to take down notes from a Tom Hanks Lecture jot down everything, especially if he gives you survival tips on how to survive the worst plane crash ever, but ditch the part if he gives you tips on dodging diabetes– because when it comes to that department, this award-winning actor admits that he’s a “total idiot” after ignoring all the vital symptoms of the said condition.Well, if you are here to know more about diabetes you are already a step ahead on winning over it. Being curious and knowledgeable about different kinds of diseases is a powerful way to get to an ideal health.

We listed down what vital symptoms you should look out for:

  • Yeast infection, sometimes in a form of itchiness or thrush, in your private area
  • Nocturia or frequent urinating more specifically at night
  • Slow wound healing
  • Thirst
  • Lethargy, over exhaustion, fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Blurred vision, eventually leading to vision loss

 

Read on to know more about diabetes, its types, and its symptoms.

What Is Diabetes?

Many people do not actually take diabetes seriously because they do not know how it affects a person’s body. Diabetes is actually a chronic metabolic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood which remains high because the cells are not capable of absorbing glucose due to the absence or insufficient production of insulin, or an inability of the body to properly use insulin causes diabetes. Diabetes is mainly categorized into Type 1 and Type 2. The type primarily relies on the factors that lead to the raised level of blood glucose.

Here’s  a brief step-by-step rundown on the ways glucose becomes metabolized in the body and how that is damaged when you have diabetes.

When You Don’t Have Diabetes…

The sugars, carbohydrates, some milk and dairy products you consume will be broken down and turn into glucose in the stomach. Glucose will then be released into your bloodstream. Your blood glucose level refers to how much glucose is found present in your blood at any given point in time.

Some of the glucose can be immediately absorbed by your liver cells and to be directly converted into glycogen. This glycogen functions as a reserve source of energy for times when the glucose levels dip.

Your pancreas produces the hormone insulin, as your body begins to sense soar in the blood glucose levels.For the glucose to pass into the cells where it is then burned to release energy, the insulin must first bind with the receptors on the muscle and fat cell membranes.When you don’t have diabetes, your insulin levels are at its prime and so glucose metabolism and energy release happen wouldn’t have any hindrance

When You Have Diabetes…

If you are diabetic your fasting glucose level is  above126 mg/dl and over 200 mg/dl couple of hours after having your meal.

Your blood glucose normally becomes higher after eating a meal. But if your body lacks insulin or produces very little and insufficient quantities, the glucose level will remain at its high level. If the glucose level  goes beyond 140 mg/dl two hours after a meal, you are likely to be diagnosed as a prediabetic, yet, if it’s over 200 mg/dl, you are diabetic.

However even during fasting, to suffice the low levels, your liver releases some glucose. However, if this blood glucose level after eight hours of fasting is more than 108 mg/dl, you are a pre-diabetic, and if it exceeds 126 mg/dl, you have diabetes.

Type 1

Teenagers, especially boys, are more often susceptible to type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes only affects 5 to 10 percent of the diabetic population, most people under 30, sometimes even starting to show symptoms before someone turns 15, the reason why it is also called juvenile diabetes. It has also been found to affect more boys than girls.

Type 2

90 out of 100 diabetics have this type, and they are mostly aged above 40.

Type 2 diabetes also known as adult-onset diabetes.  is way more common, responsible for about 90 percent of all incidences of diabetes, and mostly shows symptoms in people above 40.

In this condition, either the cells develop a resistance to insulin which does not allow the cell to bind to the receptor molecules on the cell membrane that would allow the passage of glucose inside the cell or the pancreas simply produces very little insulin which is insufficient to carry out its main task.

Visceral fat, or being obese contributes to the inhibition of the cells’ ability to bind to the insulin.And since functioning muscles burn up most of the glucose in the body, being physically inactive leads to the less frequent use of muscles could make the cells resistant to glucose intake.

Gestational Diabetes

Although this does not involve every high-glucose condition, it is an alarming case of diabetes. It is indeed normal to experience a raised blood glucose levels in the third trimester of pregnancy. This condition called gestational diabetes can sometimes, not always, lead to type 2 diabetes. To avoid this, the key is to stay active with regulated exercises suitable for pregnant women.

Why Do The Symptoms of Diabetes Occur?

Type 1 diabetes symptoms can exhibit itself within weeks, but type 2 symptoms may take years.

The symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are not far from being similar since the end result of the two is high blood glucose levels, also known as hyperglycemia.Symptoms for type 1 patients may take place rapidly.Unfortunately for type 2s it may take accumulated years to determine its symptoms.

1. Genital Irritation And Thrush or Yeast Infection

Due to high glucose found in their urine, the genital area becomes ideal for thrush and consequently leads to swelling and itching.

2. Frequent Urination

Your cells in your body are not capable to absorb the glucose, which leads to your kidneys trying to remove as much glucose as possible. Resulting for you to take frequent trips to the bathroom than an average person would and produce an excessive amount of 5 liters of urine a day. This continues even when your body is in its sleeping mode making you wake up a number of times to pee. This condition is known as nocturia. It is heartbreaking that this will take a toll on your kidneys, eventually.

3. Slow Wound Healing

Diabetes can reduce the number and efficiency of endothelial progenitor cells or EPCs, which is responsible for aiding the wounded area of the body.

4. Thirst

This is due to frequent urination, your body lacks and demands for more water.

5. Fatigue And Lethargy

This is due to the fact that the cells cannot produce any energy since they are in no way capable of absorbing glucose anymore. Without energy, a person will easily feel worn out.

6. Weight Loss

Even though you might want to lose weight, diabetes is never a good idea, yes you may lose fat reserve and even muscles but that is because your body cannot burn glucose anymore.

7. Blurred Vision Or Even Vision Loss

The higher blood glucose levels cause the lens to take in more water from the body causing it to swell. This changes the lens’ shape and greatly affects the eye’s focus. Good thing is that it can be reversed with diabetes medicines.

However since the blood vessels in the retina become weaker and thiner after suffering hyperglycemia for years, it will bulge out in pouches known as micro-aneurysms, they release a fatty protein called exudate. When the exudate leaks into the center of the retina, there is no way to reverse vision damage anymore.

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