Bruises are just normal when you trip over at something or if you accidently hurt yourself from bumping to something and if your body has been exposed to an external force or pressure. A bluish discoloration of the skin will suddenly appear that is usually painful when touched and may fade away in a few days.
Getting some bruises easily becomes more usual as you grow older. Body tissues become thinner and blood vessels lose their elasticity which makes them more prone to breaking. If easy bruising runs in your family or genes, then that makes you prone, as well. Blood-thinning medications and overexposure to the sun are some of the factors that results to bruising. Excess strain during exercises can also cause muscle tear which eventually lead to bruises. Certain health conditions such as liver disease and leukemia may result to easy bruising without even doing anything.
Nevertheless, if you can actually see a lot of bruises on your body and you do not have any idea if where did you get them, then you may have to pay more attention to different kinds of signs that your body is showing and you may also consider visiting your doctor for more precise conclusion.
Few numbers of people can actually get bruise easily than the others and there are also several reasons as to why their bodies may be prone to it. In this article, we will help you in examining some of these reasons in a detailed way in order to help you out with this problem and may also inform you about the possible situations it may result to in order to prevent it from happening.
Here are the reasons as to why people get bruise easily:
- Old Age
Bruising becomes more usual as people grow older. The reason behind this situation is that, the fat tissues inside the body become thinner and the blood vessels lose a part of their elasticity, which makes them more inclined to breaking.
As you grow older, you will eventually observe that your bruises are more common on the back of your arms and legs. Therefore, the smallest blow or bump to your body may actually lead to a mild to severe bruise depending on the intensity of your bump.
The bruises will usually appear in just some days; nonetheless, if you notice the presence of large bruises that remains on your body for a longer period of time, then you may have to consult your doctor as soon as possible.
There are some times where easy bruising happens due to the history of your family. To make it simple, your genes may be the reason as to why your body gets easily bruise. Nevertheless, there is no need to panic because these bruises are usually harmless and doesn’t a lot of your attention.
The main reason behind this condition is may be due to the vulnerable blood vessels. Sometimes, bruises may be effortlessly visible on those people who have pale color of skin than the darker ones.
One of the most usual genetic disorders that may actually result to easy bruising is known as the Von Willebrand disease or VWD. This thing commonly occurs due to a missing or defective clotting protein. It happens on both men and women and it is the most common bleeding disorder that affects around 1 percent of the population of United States.
There are certain medications that have the ability to cause you to bruise or even bleed effortlessly. Some people need these kinds of medications in order to treat their health conditions. For an instance, certain heart or blood vessels diseases that requires blood thinning medicines in order to prevent the accumulation of blood clots.
There are two kinds of blood-thinning medications: the anticoagulants just like heparin or warfarin and the antiplatelet drugs, which includes aspirin. These drugs may have the ability to lessen the ability of the body to form blood clots and it may also make the blood vessels weak that makes it more prone to bruising.
- Sun Damage
Even though exposure to sun light is really essential for the production of Vitamin D in the body, too much exposure to the UV radiation may lead to negative effects such as photo aging, skin damage or even skin cancer.
If you are one of those people who are spending too much of their time out there under the sun with little or no sun protection at all, then your skin may become more prone to bruising. Studies have even reported that the overexposure to the UV radiation may result to skin to chap, crack or even scar effortlessly.
Therefore, if you spend too much of your time under the sun, do not forget to apply and reapply your sunscreen lotion in some areas that are easily exposed to direct sunlight in order to protect your vulnerable skin.
- Persistent Exercises
If you are one of those people who always enjoy working out and staying fit, do so in moderation. If you do not keep a control over your physical activities, whether it is at your home or at the gym, you may actually notice that your body may get easily bruised.
Too much strain during exercises can result to a microscopic tear in the muscles, which eventually result to noticeable bruises on the skin. Lifting heavy weights, more than your body can actually handle may lead to the burst of blood vessels that may end up with bruises.
So, you have to keep a check on the intensity of your exercises and some physical activities. If you are into sports and other kinds of athletic activities, do not overstrain your body during practice and have some rest from time to time.
- Health Conditions
Even though this one rarely happens, frequent bruises may be an indication that you have an underlying health condition. If you can actually see a lot of bruises on your body that usually remains for a long period of time and you do not even know the cause as to why you had it, then it may be due to a certain blood clotting disorders or even more serious and severe illnesses just like leukemia.
There are some other illnesses that may cause effortlessly bruising such as liver disease, platelet dysfunctions, Vitamin K deficiency and the like. These cannot be detected by you alone. So, it is essential to pay your doctor a visit as soon as you have observed too much of unexplained bruises on your body.
Excessive intake of alcohol may be another reason as to why you are prone to bruising. Studies have even shown that alcohol is related with lower platelet activity. Disorders have the ability to affect the normal platelet functioning which may end up with bruises and bleeding.
Unhealthy habits, which include smoking, may actually result to the narrowing of your blood vessels that may result to a delay in wound healing. In addition, smoking cigarettes can also result to the blood vessels to lose their elastic properties that may case bruising with minimal trauma.
There are also times where easy bruising may be a sign of an unhealthy diet where the body does not get enough nutrients that it needs, particularly both of Vitamin C and K. A deficiency of proteins and zinc may also cause your body to effortlessly get bruised. This kind of bruising can be healed with the help of proper and good nutrition, so the foods that you eat matters.
As a result, following a balanced diet that provides enough physical exercise to your body while getting rid of those unhealthy habits including smoking and drinking too much alcohol may actually help in preventing having bruises easily. For genetic causes, not much can be done but it is always essential to visit your doctor on a regular basis to prevent severe conditions. .