It is so important to look after your feet – because they are a super complex anatomical structure that we constantly rest our whole-body weight on. Foot pain, for that reason, can interfere with your everyday life in too much painful and irritating way.
Whether your foot pain is in your heels, in your toes, or if it is at the arch of your foot, you should try to know what is the cause of the pain and treat it right away, even if you just take temporary action at home. In this article we are going to describe ten different kinds of foot pain and the best course of treatment for each.
1) Plantar Fasciitis.
There is a band of a very tough tissue that connects your heel to your toes, and this become inflamed sometimes. This manifests as pain in the arch of your foot or your heel. Perfect treatment for this is to rest your foot, and to wear a shoe with a cushioned sole and a very good arch support, according to WebMD. Prevention also has recommend massaging and stretching your feet and your calves, which help the blood flow and lengthens the plantar flexor muscles. You can find four great foot stretches here.
2) Flat feet.
This is a condition in which your feet do not have enough of an arch; it is also called fallen arches. It’s fairly common – according to Healthline, 1/4 of American adults have flat feet. It can be caused by your lifestyle, but it’s often hereditary and there’s so little you can do to change it. However, you can support your feet in order to minimize the discomfort associated with fallen arches. Orthotics are inserts that slip into your shoes to support your arches, and you can just buy these from any pharmacy. If you have particularly severe fallen arches you will have to visit a podiatrist eventually and have orthotics something for your feet.
3) Heel spurs.
WebMD has explained that heel spurs are the growths of bone on the bottom of your heel. You can get them from badly fitted shoes, abnormal posture or activities like running. They are very common and doesn’t cause everyone pain. When they do cause pain, you should have a cutout heel pad inside your shoe, and wear shoes that have a shock-absorbing soles. And if the pain persists, you can ask your doctor about the possible surgical options.
Calluses are the thick patches of the skin that develop on the points of your foot that always rub on your shoes. You can see then often on the ball of the foot, and are especially common when you also have bunions (we’ll get to those!). Even though they are your body’s way of protecting your feet from the friction, they can cause a bit more pain as they build up and get in the way. Prevention recommends that soaking your feet in warm water and then moisturizing it. When your feet are nice and soft you can gently exfoliate the calluses with pumice stone. If they are mostly bad, a podiatrist can remove them using a blade.
5) Stone bruise.
This is a very painful bruise, usually it is caused by an impact injury or by stepping on a hard object. It feels like you have a stone inside your shoe! Just like any other bruise this will go away by itself, but until then WebMD recommends resting your foot and icing the bruised area.
6) Sprains and strains.
There’s many kinds of strains and sprains, and most doesn’t even require medical attention. they can happen at the joints or ligaments, which connect lots of bones in your feet. They can also affect the muscles or tendons, which connect muscle to bone. Most commonly strains happens when too much force is put on a muscle, according to MedicineNet – this can be from a one-off injury, or can it happen over time. The perfect treatment for strains and sprains is the RICE approach: rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
This is a form or arthritis that cause pain in the toes, especially on the big toe. WebMD explained that crystals collect in the toe joints, which causes severe pain and swelling. You should rest the foot and put ice at the affected area to reduce inflammation, you must see your doctor soon if you suspect you have gout. They will be able to prescribe medications for this condition. also try to avoid gout-causing foods.
8) Achilles Tendinitis.
Your Achilles tendon connected to your heel bone at the back of your foot can become inflamed from overuse, “Prevention” says. This is called tendonitis (which can affect any tendons in your body) and is particularly usual in people who wear high heels every day, and runners. Prevention advises that rest is essential in case of tendinitis, and you should stop activity as soon as possible. You can also ice the area every time you feel pain.
Bunions are a bony bulge on the side of your foot, next to the base of your biggest toe. It’s commonly due to the misalignment of your first toe joint, and exacerbated by ill-fitting shoes and age. Try to wear more comfortable shoes or wearing shoe inserts which hug the bunion and protect your foot. WebMD advises that bunions sometimes needs to be fixed with surgery.
10) Ingrown toenail.
This happens when the skin grows over the side of your toenail. It can happen on one or both sides, it’s very much painful and can lead to infections. WebMD recommends soaking the foot in warm water four times a day, and put a piece of gauze between the nail and the wet skin to separate and encourage the nail growth away from the skin. If you have persistent ingrown toenails and are experiencing lots pain or infection, see your doctor immediately. There are surgical procedures that can fix ingrown toenails permanently.
Painful feet are something we always put up with – according to the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society, up to 80% of women have foot problems! It’s very important to identify the issue and treat it as soon as you can, rather than leaving it to get worse. This can be as simple as resting your feet – Foot Logics recommends laying on the floor with your feet up on the couch for up to 15 minutes, to clear any water retention – or soaking your feet in warm water and tea tree or peppermint oil. And massage your feet regularly with moisturizing cream, if you have persistently achy feet, wear orthotic insoles. We rely on them all day, so it is very important to look after your feet!