Arrowroot or also known as Araru goes way back 7,000 years ago, which shown signs of cultivation. As a result, it refers to any kind of plant that are belong to the genus Maranta, its well-known usage is to describe as the digestible starch from the rhizomes of the Maranta arundinaceous.
Araru is an erect, smooth, dichotomously branched herbaceous perennial plant that is 1 to 2 meter high, growing from fleshy and fusiform rootstock. Its stems are known to be slender. Its leaf blades are lanceolate, attenuate-acuminate, which reaches up to 1o to 20 centimeters long, thin petiole, green and rounded at the base. Inflorescence is terminal, lax, divaricate, and few-flowered. Its flowers are color white that is about 2 centimeters long.
- Rhizomes can be eaten, produces the arrowroot starch.
- Highly digestible.
- Utilized as thickener in creating puddings, baked goods and sauces.
- They are boiled, roasted or ground and made into pastries.
- In remote places, their starches are being used for starching clothes.
- Can be easily digested, nutritive and nourishing diet for the convalescing.
- Well suited for infants in the weaning from breast milk.
- A major ingredient in infant cookies.
Decoction from at least 2 to 3 tablespoons of its root powder in one liter of water, then seasoned with honey, lemon or any variety of fruit juices in order to taste.
- In the West Indies, its roots are being used for wrapping poisoned and other kinds of wounds.
- Mashed roots are being used as plaster to areas of insect stings and spider bites.
- Apply it to the skin in order to relieve pain, irritation and inflammation of mucous membranes.
- Roots can be used as cover for poisoned arrow wounds.
- Starch are being used as soothing application for several skin issues, which includes erysipelas, sunburn, wasp stings, dermatitis and even gangrene.
- In the Caribbean, grinded leaves are used as teething aid.
- In Trinidad, it has been used as an anti-inflammatory skin wrap.
- The fresh juice is being used as an antidote for vegetable poisons.
- It is also used for relieving the stomach pain, as well as remedy for diarrhea, due to its high starch content.